A Multidimensional Investigation of Deep-level and Surface-level Processing
This study examines the moderating effects of a situational factor (i.e., text type) and an individual factor (i.e., subject-matter knowledge) on the relation between depth of processing and performance. One-hundred and fifty-one undergraduates completed measures of subject-matter knowledge, read either an expository or persuasive text about the existence of extraterrestrials while thinking aloud, and then completed a passage recall task and an open-ended task. Results indicated that the relation between depth of processing and the open-ended tasks was moderated by the type of text participants read (i.e., expository or persuasive). Moreover, there was a significant interaction between the passage recall measure and open-ended task for depth of processing and type of text.
Dinsmore, D. L., & Alexander, P. A. (2016). A Multidimensional Investigation of Deep-level and Surface-level Processing. The Journal of Experimental Education, 84(2), 213–244. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220973.2014.979126