Astronomy education is one of the important vehicles to make people aware of the role of science in daily life and in environmental issues. Therefore, in a good school curriculum, astronomy should be included. In the process, however, some governments try to introduce a system that succeeds in other countries, without considering cultural and national differences. Unfortunately there is no program group of IAU Commission 46 (on Education and Development) that deals with astronomy education in schools. It is hoped that such a program group will be set up after the conference on which this book is based.