I briefly summarize the state of Astronomy research and education in Germany as I see it. In a world-wide comparison conditions are excellent, however, specific problems remain. While Science and Astronomy teaching is offered free to everyone (including foreigners) at schools and universities, the quality and effectiveness of science education could be improved. In the academic research and teaching system a number of problems are currently discussed and proposals to increase
effectiveness and international competitiveness are being
made, like the evaluation of teaching and research, introduction of more competition, and the reform of post doctoral career paths and the tenure system.