Teaching Scientific Logic: Theories and Observations
We present a type of assignment designed to teach scientific thinking in introductory astronomy. Students are presented with a list of ideas that have been studied earlier in the course. The students must first classify each idea as being either an observation or a theory. Then the students must match them up in pairs: in each pair, the theory explains the observation, and the observation is evidence supporting the theory.
Cline, K. S. 2007, Astronomy Education Review, 6(2), p.111–114